Climate & Energy

© WWF Bhutan
Over the years, Bhutan has witnessed serious hydro-meteorological and geological disasters such as earthquakes, landslides, wind storms, GLOF, and flash floods including forest fires, which in many cases have resulted in loss of human life and property.

Alpine and freshwater ecosystems are thought to be most at risk from climate change, with concomitant impacts on biodiversity, people and livelihoods. The rising temperature is likely to cause loss and alteration of habitat for species such as snow leopard, especially in the steep and fragile mountainous ecosystems. At the other end, the subtropical ecosystem extending along the southern foothills of Bhutan is vulnerable to climate change from the perspective of climate adaptability. The erratic weather patterns, soring temperatures and unpredictable dry and wet atmospheric conditions render the local communities most vulnerable to climate change. The adaptive capacity of the people to reduce vulnerability in the face of climate change is of prime concern.  
Energy demand for both internal and external consumption is resulting into mushrooming of the hydropower plants in almost all of the rivers of Bhutan. This may have potential negative impacts in the river ecosystems of Bhutan through flow modification and breakage of connectivity. Bhutan’s import of fossil fuel (diesel and petrol) from India has also been annually increasing mainly to sustain increasing requirement of transport sector (66,834 vehicles and heavy machinery).
Goal: By 2020, monitoring and documentation of climate induced ecosystem changes strengthened and alternative source of energy explored for efficient environment friendly energy use and adaptation to climate variability