Forests | WWF


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Priority landscape encompass 1.7 million hectares of Bhutan Biological Conservation Complex (B2C2), a net­work of protected areas systems including 5 National parks, 4 Wildlife sanctuaries 1 Strict Nature Reserve and 9 Biological Corridors (BCs) that contain critical habitats covering all important eco-zones of the Eastern Himalayas.

The forests of Bhutan show a wide range of altitudinal variation and species diversity. From subtropical forests and savannah grasslands in the southern foothills to alpine meadows in the north, these forests and grasslands host a variety of wildlife and associated species. The mid elevation broadleaf forests and mixed conifers complete the mosaic of habitat types that represent the Himalayan ecosystem. Conserving these places would ensure protection of biodiversity and sustenance of all associated life forms within the realm of nature.

Within the B2C2 landscape, the mid elevation protected areas and linking corridors are of special significance. This zone, in spite of being ecologically very significant, has had very little conservation support over the years. Reinforcing conservation focus on this landscape will significantly enhance conservation of priority places and ensure biological connectivity. The middle belt serves as a vital link between the two major conservation landscapes in the north and south.
The protected areas network system covering more than 50% of the country’s total area has enabled conservation of forests and wildlife habitats in Bhutan. On the other hand, maintaining the biological and ecological integrity of this landscape and adjoining biological corridors in the face of economic development is a critical challenge.

Our Goal: By 2020, 1.7 million hectares of representative forest ecosystem is maintained for habitat conservation, ecological integrity and sustenance of forest resources.